M1919 Browning machine gun
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|Browning Model 1919|
|Place of origin||United States|
|In service||1919–1970s (U.S.)|
|Used by||U.S. and Allies, South Vietnam, NATO|
|Wars||World War II, Korean War, Vietnam War (U.S.), Present day|
|Weight||31 lb (14 kg) (M1919A4)|
|Barrel length||24 in (609 mm)|
|Rate of fire||400–600 round/min|
|Effective range||1,500 yd (1,370 m) (maximum)|
|Feed system||250-round belt|
The Browning M1919 was a .30 caliber machine gun fairly widely used during the 20th century. It was used as a light infantry, co-axial, mounted, aircraft, and anti-aircraft machine gun by the U.S. and many other countries, especially during World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War. Although it began to be superseded by newer designs in the later half the century (such as by the M60 machine gun), it remained in use in many NATO countries and elsewhere for much longer.
Many M1919s were rechambered for the new 7.62 × 51 mm NATO round and served into the 1990s, as well as up to the present day in some countries. The United States Navy also converted many to 7.62 mm NATO, and designated them Mk 21 Mod 0; they were commonly used on river craft in the 1960s and 1970s in Vietnam.